In the Edo period (1603-1868), there was a road called Nakasendo connecting Nihonbashi in Tokyo with Kyoto and Kiso is located in the west half of the Nakasendo. The road through Kiso is also called Kisoji, and the layout of the town that once flourished as a rest stop for travelers still remains. The architectural style of the Edo period remains in the historic inns Tsumago-juku, Narai-juku, and Fukushima-juku, and among them, Tsumago-juku and Narai-juku have also been designated as an Important Traditional Building Group Conservation Area.
From major cities, you can get here by the JR Chuo Main line. From Tokyo, it takes about 3 hours and 30 minutes to get to Kiso Fukushima Station in the center of the region. Express buses from Shinjuku take about 4 hours and 30 minutes.